To follow is a list of features that are commonly found in text language.
These are particular to this form of communication. They will assist you in the up-coming tasks where you begin to discriminate between language that is spoken and language that is written.
- Emoticons – graphic symbols representing emotions
- Acronyms – use of words’ initial letters to form a single new word e.g. AIDS
- Initialisms – initial letters spelled out e.g. OMG
- Contractions – omitted letters, e.g. txt
- Logograms – single letters or numbers replacing sections of words e.g. 2day for today or u for you
- Ellipsis – omitted parts of a sentence e.g. coming?
- Unusual spelling – e.g. wiv for with (often reflecting an accent)
- Merged words – e.g. seeya
- Repeated letters for emphasis e.g. helllllo
- Upper case or lower case to donate tone e.g. NO WAY
- Punctuation omitted or added for effect e.g. dont be late!!!
- Speech like interjections e.g. ha ha